Thursday, December 22, 2011

Changing Product Key in Windows 7 in Command Line

It is very common situation that we get installation with blocked cd key due to pirated software.
In that situation we need to supply the original key for that.
Here is the Command Line to change the Product key:
Step-1.Click on the Start Button and type: CMD (into the ‘Search programs and files’ field in the Start Menu)
Step-2.The Start Menu will show ‘CMD.exe’,
Step-3.Right-click the CMD.exe file and select Run As Administrator.
Step-4.In the CMD window, type: slmgr.vbs -ipk
Step-5.To activate windows after changing the key, type: slmgr.vbs -ato

Friday, December 16, 2011

Exchange 2010 Server Roles

Because organizations tend to group their management tasks around a core set of server roles, Exchange 2010 maps Exchange Server management to this same approach.
A server role is a unit that logically groups the required features and components needed to perform a specific function in the messaging environment. The requirement of a server role is that it is a server that could be run as an atomic unit of scalability. A server role is composed of a group of features.
Server roles, the primary unit of deployment, enable administrators to easily choose which features are installed on an Exchange server. Logically grouping features in server roles offers the following advantages:
  • Reduces attack surface on an Exchange server.
  • Allows you to install and configure an Exchange server the way you intend to use it.
  • Offers the ability to fully customize a server to support your business goals and needs.
The following figure illustrates a domain with each server role deployed.

Exchange 2010 includes the following server roles:
  • Mailbox Server   This server hosts mailboxes and public folders. For more information about the Exchange 2010 Mailbox server role, see Overview of the Mailbox Server Role. 
  • Client Access Server   This is the server that hosts the client protocols, such as Post Office Protocol 3 (POP3), Internet Message Access Protocol 4 (IMAP4), Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (HTTPS), Outlook Anywhere, Availability service, and Autodiscover service. The Client Access Server also hosts Web services. For more information about the Exchange 2010 Client Access server role, see Client Access.
  • Unified Messaging Server   This is the server that connects a Private Branch eXchange (PBX) system to Exchange 2010. For more information about the Exchange 2010 Unified Messaging server role, see Unified Messaging.
  • Hub Transport Server   This is the mail routing server that routes mail within the Exchange organization. For more information about the Exchange 2010 Hub Transport server role, see Transport and Overview of the Hub Transport Server Role.
  • Edge Transport Server   This is the mail routing server that typically sits at the perimeter of the topology and routes mail in to and out of the Exchange organization. For more information about the Exchange 2010 Edge Transport server role, see Transport and Overview of the Edge Transport Server Role.

How to start windows programs quickly with Run Command

Appwiz.cpl -- Used to run Add/Remove wizard


Cfgwiz32 --ISDN Configuration Wizard

Charmap --Character Map

Chkdisk --Repair damaged files

Cleanmgr --Cleans up hard drives

--Windows Clipboard viewer

Control --Displays Control Panel

Cmd --Opens a new Command Window

mouse --Used to control mouse properties

Dcomcnfg --DCOM user security

Debug --Assembly language programming tool

Defrag --Defragmentation tool

Drwatson --Records programs crash & snapshots

Dxdiag --DirectX Diagnostic Utility

Explorer --Windows Explorer

Fontview --Graphical font viewer

Fsmgmt.msc -- Used to open shared folders

  -- Used to configure windows firewall

Ftp -FTP.exe program

Hostname --Returns Computer's name

Hdwwiz.cpl -- Used to run Add Hardware wizard

Ipconfig --Displays IP configuration for all network adapters

Logoff -- Used to logoff the computer

MMC --Microsoft Management Console

--Configuration to edit startup files

Mstsc -- Used to access remote desktop

Mrc -- Malicious Software Removal Tool

Msinfo32 --Microsoft System Information Utility

Nbtstat --Displays stats and current connections using NetBIOS over TCP/IP

Netstat --Displays all active network connections

Nslookup--Returns your local DNS server

Osk ---Used to access on screen keyboard

Perfmon.msc -- Used to configure the performance of Monitor.

Ping --Sends data to a specified host/IP

Powercfg.cpl -- Used to configure power option

Regedit --Registry Editor

Regwiz -- Registration wizard

Sndrec32 --Sound Recorder

Shutdown -- Used to shutdown the windows

Spider -- Used to open spider solitaire card game

Sfc / scannow -- Used to run system file checker utility.

Sndvol32 --Volume control for soundcard

Sysedit -- Edit system startup files

Taskmgr --Task manager

Telephon.cpl -- Used to configure modem options.

Telnet --Telnet program

Tracert --Traces and displays all paths required to reach an Internet host

Winchat -- Used to chat with Microsoft

-- Used to run Windows Media player

Wab -- Used to open Windows address Book.

WinWord -- Used to open Microsoft word

Winipcfg --Displays IP configuration

Winver -- Used to check Windows Version

Wupdmgr --Takes you to Microsoft Windows Update

-- Used to open WordPad

How to Change your Office 2007 Product Key

  1. Click Start -> Run
  2. Type regedit in the box and click OK
  3. Navigate to the following path:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE \Software\Microsoft\Office\12.0\Registration
Within Registration, there is subkey that may resemble the following:
  1. Under Registration, you might find several subkeys that contain a combination of alphanumeric characters. Each key is specific to a program installed on your computer.
    Open each subkey to view and identify the Office product version by the ProductName registry entry in the right pane. For example:
ProductName=Microsoft Office Professional Plus 2007
  1. Once you have located the subkey that contains the Office product you wish to change the license key for, delete the following registry entries by right clicking on the registry entry in the subkey, click Delete, and select Yes:
  1. Close regedit
  2. Start Microsoft Word, Excel, Outlook or another Office application. Office 2007 should now prompt you to enter a new 25 character product key
  3. Enter a valid product key, and click OK
  4. If prompted to choose your preferred type of Microsoft Office 2007 installation, select Install Now
  5. Microsoft Office 2007 should now be updated with your new CD key